07 July 2017

Justice For Zafar: Freedom From Bullying

Editorial: Mohammad Akhlaque, Majlum Ansari, Imteyaz Khan, Pehlu Khan, Sheikh Naim, Mohammad Halim, Mohammad Sajjad, Uttam Verma, Ganesh Gupta and now Zafar Hussein. Yet another horrific case of mob lynching, the second successive incident in Vasundhara Raje’s Rajasthan in last three months. The previous cases of lynching in UP, Jharkhand or Rajasthan were typically all triggered by orchestrated ‘rumours’ – whether of beef consumption, cattle-lifting or child-lifting. There was however no rumour that led to the lynching of Zafar Hussein at Pratapgarh in the early morning of June 16. Zafar had to pay with his life for trying to...

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Salute the Memory of Comrade Zafar

End Bullying and Shaming Tactics in ‘Swacch Bharat’ Campaign Comrade Zafar gave his life defending the dignity of the poor and of women – in the process exposing the ugly face of Prime Minister Modi’s Swacch Bharat campaign. Universally liked and respected by everyone in the Bagwasa Kachchi Basti, Comrade Zafar had for a couple of decades been spearheading efforts to get the basti regularized, to achieve basic sanitation and water facilities for the basti, and to prevent eviction from the basti. The Swacch Bharat campaign claims to encourage people in rural and urban India to give up the...

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CPI(ML) General Secretary Visits Pratapgarh

On 19th June, CPI(ML) General Secretary Dipankar Bhattacharya along with CPI(ML) Politburo member Prabhat Kumar and Rajasthan State Secretary Mahendra Choudhury and Udaipur District secretary Chandradeo Ola and other Left leaders including veteran CPI leader and former MLA Com. Meghraj Tabad and Udaipur district secretary of CPI(M) Com. Mohanji Khokhawat and Comrade Tejki Bai, AIPWA Udaipur district secretary, visited the home of Comrade Zafar Hussein who was lynched to death on June 16th for resisting violence against women in the name of the Swacch Bharat campaign. The team visited Comrade Zafar’s home in the Bagwasa Kachchi Basti in Pratapgarh...

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CPI(ML) Commemorates 50 Years of Naxalbari

The historic peasant uprising of Naxalbari turned 50 on 25 May, 2017. To commemorate this occasion and celebrate the revolutionary legacy of Naxalbari in today’s challenging situation, CPI(ML) had organised a yearlong campaign that concluded in Naxalbari and Siliguri with homage to the greac martyrs and leaders of the uprising and a renewed collective resolve to resist the growing communal fascist offensive of the Modi regime and take the movement to newer heights. In this second part of our special feature on Naxalbari50 we bring you a report of the May 25 rally in Siliguri and the resolution adopted...

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Resolution on 50 Years of Naxalbari

(Adopted by the CPI(ML) Central Committee in its meeting in Siliguri on 26-28 May,2017) On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the historic Naxalbari uprising, the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation) salutes the innumerable martyrs of the communist movement in our country, rededicates itself to the cause of the Indian revolution and calls upon the heroic people of India to strengthen the pluralistic culture and communal harmony of India and intensify the ongoing resistance to the growing fascist offensive of the far right communal forces currently in power. We salute the chief architect of the Naxalbari movement and the founding leader of CPI(ML), Comrade Charu Mazumdar and all other key leaders of the first phase of CPI(ML) – Comrades Saroj Dutta, Sushital Roy Chowdhury, Suniti Ghosh, Souren Bose, Chandra Pulla Reddy, Panchadi Krishnamurty and Nirmala Krishnamurty, Adhibhatla Kailasam, Dr.Chaganti Bhaskar Rao, Appu, Balan, A Verghese, Ch. Tejeshwar Rao, Baba Bujha Singh, Daya Singh and dozens of other leaders in different parts of the country who led the movement with exemplary courage and commitment in the face of all odds. We salute the organisers of the Naxalbari movement Comrades KanuSanyal, JangalSanthal, KhokanMazumdar, Keshav Sarkar, Sobhan Ali, Tribeni Kanu, Babulal Biswakarmakar and others who had built up Naxalbari with their sustained, painstaking work. We salute martyr Comrade Subbarao Panigrahi, the balladeer of the Naxalbari movement, and all other poets,...

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Legendary Leader Jangal Santhal

We cannot observe the 50th anniversary of the Naxalbari uprising without remembering Comrade Jangal Santhal. Comrade Jangal Santhal stands tall alongside Comrades Charu Mazumdar and Kanu Sanyal. In 1949 – Nepali Congress and the Communist Party of Nepal together fought against the reactionary feudal rule of the Rana dynasty. In one phase the movement called for Chandragori Jail Break movement to free political prisoners. Jangal Santhal actively joined that movement. That’s how his political journey started which went on uninterrupted to end only with his death on 4 December 1988. Jangal’s father Kanna Kisku was a worker in the Kamalpur tea garden. After his father’s death, his mother moved to Naxalbari with her three sons and one daughter. Jangal became a tenant farmer on the land of jotedar (landlord) Durlabh Mohammad. Soon he came into contact with the Communist movement through Comrade Chunilal Gowala. He was inspired hearing about peasant movement and agrarian revolution from Comrade Chunilal. It did not take him long to join the Kisan Sabha and plunge into the peasant movement. Towards the end of 1953 he became a member of the undivided Communist Party of India. Unusual courage, dedication, unparalleled discipline, unimaginable hard work, love for toiling people, all this made Jangal the tall leader that he was. Landlords painted him as a cruel, devilish, murderous villain, but peasants and tea garden workers loved him...

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Comrade Babulal Biswakarmakar

Comrade Babulal Biswakarmakar was the first leader of the Naxalbari uprising to embrace martyrdom in a gun battle with the police. On 6 September 1968 Comrade Babulal Biswakarmakar had joined a team led by Comrade Khokan Mazumdar to plan a sudden attack on the police camp in Birsinghjote. The other two members of the team were Joseph Munda and Kurhu Munda. They had taken shelter in the home of Lalchand Biswakarmakar at Hochaimullickjote. After elaborate planning, the squad left the house on 7 September evening after dinner. It was a moonlit night and the squad branched out in groups of two – Comrades Khokan Mazumdar and Joseph Munda followed by Comrades Babulal Biswakarmakar and Kurhu Munda. The comrades were however soon warned by shouts by the village women. They realized that the police was following them. Comrades Khokan Mazumdar and Joseph Munda hid in the nearby bamboo jungle. Comrade Babulal hid himself in a dry pond, while Kurhu hid in the tall grasses near the pond. Police surrounded the area but remained silent. Eventually the police asked the squad to surrender; but Comrade Babulal decided to engage the police in a battle so others could escape unscathed. He only had a rifle snatched from Kharibari landlord Baicharan Singh, and with that rifle he held off the entire police team for four hours (9 pm – 1 am) in a...

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Hail the revolutionary spirit of Comrade Khokan Majumdar !

The octogenarian leader of Naxalbari peasant upsurge, Comrade Khokan Majumdar passed away on 29 May at North Bengal Medical College & Hospital. He had sustained his 2nd cerebral stroke on 19 May night. For the last 10 days of his life he remained unconscious and heaved his last in the ICU of the hospital. In the annals of revolutionary struggles of India, Comrade Khokanda deserves a special mention for his life-long unflinching dedication to people’s causes braving all odds. Way back in 1948, Abdul Hamid (who came to be popularly known as Khokan Majumdar) came in contact with a number of communist activists, most of them were doctors, while serving as a ward boy at Lake Medical College in Kolkata. Under the tutelage of a party whole-timer Com. Satya Chakraborty, he, along with Anadi Das, Secunder Ahmed et al, was urged to form a consolidated union of hospital wardboys, sweepers and nursing staff to press home their legitimate wages and other demands. The same year he joined a rally at Kolkata Monument (Shahid Minar) held in support of the armed struggle of Telangana. Few days later he was taken to Police Headquarters under arrest and subsequently convicted for 2 years imprisonment. During this period of incarceration, he came to know about Comrades Souren Bose, Nripen Bose, Mujibur Rahaman from Darjeeling district. After securing an early release by an order...

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Tebhaga- Telangana to Naxalbari-CPI (ML)

A study in the Movement-Party Dialectic (A slightly modified version of the article by Arindam Sen published in EPW, Vol. 52, Issue No. 21, May 27, 2017.) Giving voice to a shared perception of all participants in the Naxalbari movement, Charu Mazumdar (CM) wrote a few months after the formation of CPI (ML): “We must always remember that the revolutionary people of India repeatedly participated in the communist movement, fought, made immense sacrifices and laid down their lives. We are the inheritors of the glorious tradition which the heroic martyrs of Punnapra-Vayalar, the heroic fighters of Telangana and the fighting peasants and workers of every province of India established by sacrificing innumerable lives; we must be true to them and carry forward their tradition. The heroes of Kayyur went to the gallows with the name of the Communist Party on their lips: it is that Communist Party which we represent. This Party has become today’s Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist).[1] Radical rupture with revisionism and continuity of fine revolutionary traditions – such was CPI (ML)’s self-perception in relation to the entire course of communist movement in India. The understanding was that in both Tebhaga and Telangana movements, the immense potentials were left unexplored, rather destroyed, by the leadership of the party whose ranks had undertaken much of the groundwork. The same attempt was made in the case of Naxalbari...

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Beat back the Sangh-BJP Fascist Offensive: Avenge the Killing of Agitating Farmers in Mandsaur

However much the killing of six farmers in police firing at Mandsaur in Madhya Pradesh may have shocked and enraged the entire country, the BJP could not be any less bothered. The Shivraj Singh Chauhan government first tried to dispute if the bullets were fired by the police. Then we were told that the people killed were ‘anti-social elements’ and not genuine farmers. Now when the two facts have been unquestionably settled for the public and the media at large, the BJP blames it on the opposition’s ‘conspiracy to defame and destabilise’ the state government. Prime Minister Modi who tweets on every loss of life in foreign lands has predictably had no time to talk about the Mandsaur police firing and the farmers killed. The Union Agriculture Minister too was busy celebrating yoga in his constituency with Baba Ramdev -whether farmers are killed in Mandsaur or in his own town Motihari, such killings could hardly distract his yogic concentration. And now even as Shivraj Singh has undertaken a fast, ostensibly to ‘pray for peace’, his colleague Kailash Vijayvargeeya has put things in perspective for all of us. Mandsaur is just a single district in a big state like Madhya Pradesh and the loss of five or six lives in such a big state is no big deal! The ongoing farmers’ agitation in Madhya Pradesh and neighbouring Maharashtra reflects a...

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National Conference of All India Kisan Mahasabha

The third National Conference of the All India Kisan Mahasabha was held on 9-10 June 2017 in Jharkhand’s Hazaribagh town (named Birsa Nagar after the great Birsa Munda for the occasion) in the Town Hall (named Mahendra Singh Sabhagar after Comrade Mahendra Singh). 464 delegates and 30 guests and observers from all states participated in the Conference. It was at Hazaribagh, on April 15, 2014 as BJP’s prime ministerial candidate, that Narendra Modi had promised a profitable minimum support price to farmers. Farmers from all over India, at the AIKM’s Hazaribagh conference pointed out that bullets are being unleashed...

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Provocative and Highhanded Mamata Government

Triggers Renewed Unrest in the Hills of Darjeeling Abhijit Mazumdar The hills of Darjeeling are on the boil once again. The current face-off between Gorkha Janamukti Morcha and Mamata’s West Bengal Government began with the official announcement by the latter to impose Bengali language as a compulsory subject in all schools in the state. Severely hurt by this sudden affront, appearing as a blatant show of Bengali chauvinism and branded as a cultural measure of ‘internal colonisation’, the hills rose up in militant protest. The confusion multiplied when Banerjee walked into Mirik and announced Bengali would be optional in...

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Intermediate Exam Result: Consequence of Government-Sponsored Plight of Education

The sorry state of Bihar’s schools is in the news again, with the declaration of the results of the Intermediate examination conducted by the Bihar School Examination Committee (run by the Bihar government). A total of about 12 lakh students had appeared in all three faculties of Intermediate – Arts, Science and Commerce – of whom 65% have been failed. Of the 35% successful candidates only 8% have secured 60% or more. Students and parents alike are protesting, alleging that due to the teachers’ strike, answer sheets have been evaluated in a questionable way and by unqualified persons. Meanwhile,...

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Fake Encounter in Jharkhand

‘They have murdered an innocent poor man’ – villagers of Dholkatta CPI(ML) has rejected the state police department’s decision of CID inquiry into Motilal Baske’s murder in fake police encounter labeling it an eye-wash. The party is of the view that no impartiality can be expected from any investigation conducted under the police department which is itself involved in the murder. CPI(ML) Liberation reiterated its demand of judicial enquiry, judicial custody for the accused policemen, and compensation of minimum 50 lakhs, and government employment and education for the children of deceased. A mass movement is taking shape for justice...

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Lucknow Mahadharna Against Yogi Government

The Uttar Pradesh unit of the CPI (ML) organized a Mahadharna on 15 June at the Laxman Mela Maidan on the banks of the Gomati in Lucknow against the increasing atrocities against dalits in Saharanpur and other parts of the State, violence against women, deteriorating law and order situation, communal polarization and attacks on democratic rights under the Yogi Adityanath regime. The chief speaker at the Mahadharna CPI (ML) General Secretary Com Dipankar Bhattacharya said the Yogi government is as communal as it is feudal. The Modi government imposed the note ban on the country and the Yogi government started its rule with the meat ban. The livelihoods of lakhs of people in the meat trade have been snatched away. RSS goons are openly indulging in goondaism. Feudal attacks were made on dalits in Saharanpur. Protesting students in Lucknow have been thrown into jail with criminal cases slapped on them. The dharna was also addressed by Sudhakar Yadav, Krishna Adhikari, Ishwari Prasad Kushwaha, Shriram Choudhury, Tahira Hasan, Rakesh Singh, Sunil Maurya, Shashikant Kushwaha, Ramesh Singh Sengar, Jeera Bharti, Arjunlal and others. The proceedings were conducted by Com RamjiRai and Rajesh Sahani. The Mahadharna concluded with a memorandum being submitted to the President through the DM who came to the venue. The memorandum contained the following demands: release Chandrashekhar and all other dalits arrested in the Shabbirpur Saharanpur) issue, arrest...

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