Comrade Charu Majumdar’s speech introducing the Political-Organizational Report at the Party Congress:
From Liberation, Vol. III, Nos. 7-9 (May-July 1970). The report of this speech, based on notes taken at the Congress, was adopted by the Congress as a Party document.
In the present world situation there are two important phenomena. On the one hand, there is US imperialism’s naked aggression against Cambodia. The US imperialists have thrown away all pretences and invaded Cambodia. Their logic is Hitler’s logic — the logic of all aggressors. They cannot wait any more, they can no longer talk of peace. Now they will attack one country after another. So this is the beginning of the third world war.
On the other hand, the revolutionary united front of the peoples of Viet Nam, Cambodia and Laos under the leadership of China has been built up to fight the US aggressors. The unity of the three Indo-Chinese peoples has been achieved. This is a great thing in world history, which did not exist when Hitler’s hordes marched across Sudetanland. The Second World War was preceded by Munich — by great betrayal. But now the united front of revolutionary peoples under the leadership of China is taking shape. So this is the great beginning of the defeat of imperialism and the great beginning of the victory of the world’s people.
The same kind of phenomena exist in India also. India’s reactionary ruling classes are making frenzied war preparations to suit the global strategy of US imperialism and Soviet social-imperialism. They are hatching criminal war plans against China. But the emergence of the CPI (M-L) has changed the internal situation in India. The armed revolutionary peasant struggle led by the CPI(M-L) has become the motive force of history. We must take into account not only the offensive of the ruling classes but also the counter-offensive of the revolutionary people.
Our cardinal tasks therefore are : to build up the Party and to get it entrenched among the landless and poor peasants. The building up of the Party means the development of the armed class struggle. And without armed class struggle the Party cannot be developed and cannot entrench itself among the masses.
The struggle between the two lines is there within the Party and will continue. We must oppose and defeat the incorrect line. But we must be on our guard against centrism. Centrism is a brand of revisionism — its worst form. In the past, revisionism was defeated again and again by revolutionary elements but centrism always seized the victories of the struggle and led the party along the revisionist path. We must hate centrism. On the question of boycotting elections Nagi Reddy said : “Yes, we accept it but it should be restricted to a certain area at a certain period. We shall participate in elections where there is no struggle.” This is Nagi Reddy’s line. This is centrism. We have fought against it and thrown the Nagi Reddys out of our organization. Regarding Soviet social-imperialism, some say : “The Soviet leaders are revisionists. But how can they be imperialist ? Where is that development of monopoly capital?” These are centrists. We have fought them and thrown them out of our Party. So the centrists raised the questions of trade unions and “working class-based Party” when armed class struggle is to be developed by relying on the peasantry. We fought Asit Sen and company on these issues and threw them out of the Party.
We must not only distinguish between the correct and the incorrect line but also find out the centrist position and smash it.
Now the centrist attack is coming from inside the Party. On the questions of using fire-arms, the dependence on the petty-bourgeois intellectual and the battle of annihilation, the Party is facing centrist attacks.
It must be understood that the battle of annihilation is both a higher form of class struggle and the starting-point of guerrilla war. There are two deviations on this question :
1. Some comrades agree that annihilation is the starting-point of guerrilla war but they do not agree that it is a higher form of class struggle. It should be borne in mind that only through the development of class struggle can all the problems be solved.
2. There are other comrades who carried on class struggle — the struggle for the seizure of landlords’ land and property —but did not wage the battle of annihilation. So the cadres became degenerate : they were lost. The comrades missed the point that annihilation is the starting-point of guerrilla war.