In May 2004, there was a widespread sense of euphoria and victory as people across the country gave a stinging rebuff to the BJP-NDA’s arrogant ‘India Shining’ claims. It was clear that people were not prepared to pay the price of steeply rising prices, hunger and starvation, rampant unemployment and

Repeal Land Acquisition Act 1894 and SEZ Act 2005

If 2006 had begun with the massacre at Kalinganagar, 2007 has dawned with the uprising at Nandigram. At Kalinganagar, land had been acquired more than a decade ago and all that the land-losing people had since been demanding was increased ‘compensation’ – a euphemism for the pittance they got in

Foreign Enclaves on Indian Soil

-- Arindam Sen Already notorious as special eviction (for the “development refugees”), exemption (for the investors) and exploitation (for the workers) zones, SEZs call for a closer examination from the perspective of people’s resistance against this latest technique of rapacious capital accumulation. An SEZ will be almost a foreign enclave in

All Roads Lead to Singur in Buddha’s Bengal

-- Dipankar Bhattacharya Is there at all any case for a debate and agitation over Singur? The CPI(M) leadership would like us to believe there is absolutely none and that the people questioning the great Singur model of industrialisation and rehabilitation are either stupid or mad or driven by ulterior motives.

SEZs: Manufacturing Illusions

-- Kavita Krishnan Defenders of the SEZ policy propagate many myths about SEZs. Let us examine some of them. 'SEZs are needed for industrialisation' The most favourite argument offered by SEZ fanatics is that these are inevitable and necessary for industrialisation – this is the only path to development and growth. Is this

Legitimising SEZs: The Mask of ‘Amendments’

-- Tapas Ranjan Saha A Critique of CPI(M)’s Proposed Amendments to the SEZ Act 2005 The CPI(M) MPs in Parliament quietly voted for the shameful SEZ Act. But when farmers’ protests at Kakinada, Dadri, Navi Mumbai, Singur and Nandigram exposed SEZs as a national shame, CPI(M) started demanding “amendments” to “improve” SEZs

Corporate Land-Grab: A Marxist Understanding

-- Arindam Sen Primitive Accumulation in the Era of Globalisation As regards economic essence, the eviction of peasants and other toilers from their natural socio-economic habitat is best understood in the Marxian framework of “primitive accumulation of capital”: "The capitalist system presupposes the complete separation of the labourers from all property in

The Singur-Nandigram Continuum: Lessons and Significance

-- Arindam Sen Both Singur and Nandigram are fertile multi-cropped regions with a settled peasantry having deep socio-economic and emotional attachment with land. Both areas boast a tebhaga lineage and sharecroppers, the basic motive force of that historic movement, still constitute a significant section of the peasantry and a major force