What The Communist Stand For

Publisher’s Note

The present booklet, the first of a series aimed at popularising the Marxist viewpoint in the Indian context, gives an introductory idea about communism. We do not intend to give here a perfect blueprint of communist society, nor an account of the day-to-day activities of communists. But, as our first international “Manifesto” (1848) authored by Karl Marx and Frederick Engels had declared, “… in the movement of the present, they also represent and take care of the future of that movement.” So people have a right to know what we communists think of that future. Hence this booklet. In...

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What The Communists Stand For

Q 1. You communists always talk in terms of class struggle, the proletarian party, seizure of power etc. Can’t you avoid such jargons? Sorry, but every science has lo operate with certain conceptual tools or technical terms, and Marxism is a science. Never mind, we will make it simple for you. Different people occupy different positions in the economic system, in the social arrangement of production and exchange; thus we have peasants, capitalists, workers and so on. These social positions, which basically determine the different incomes, life styles, outlooks etc., of these groupings, are called classes. Some of these, like peasants and workers, produce everything necessary for society but are exploited and oppressed — they are called producing classes or oppressed classes. Others like landlords and capitalists are called exploiting or ruling classes because they do not produce anything but exploit and lord it over peasants, workers and other toilers thanks to their ownership of land, capital etc. and control over state power. Struggle between exploited and exploiting classes goes on uninterruptedly in different intensities and forms like wage struggle, agitation for political democracy, electoral battle for ousting a corrupt government, and so on. At critical junctures it flares up into revolutions which drastically change the economic, political and cultural shape of society. We may cite the classic example of French revolution where the then revolutionary bourgeoisie, supported by...

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What The Communist Stand For

“communism, as fully developed naturalism, equals humanism, and as fully developed humanism equals naturalism; it is the genuine resolution of the conflict between man and nature and between man and man – the true resolution of the strife between existence and essence, between objectification and self confirmation, between freedom and necessity, between the individual and the species. Communism is the riddle of history solved, and it knows itself to be the...

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